Waht about the city in the daylife? How light interact with materials, shapes, colours, phenomena affecting human perception? How ca we, as designers and researcher, observe the natural phenomena of direct and diffused natural lighting in the urban playground and translate it into meaninfgul ways to arrange the spaces in function of light perception? In the following just some ideas, themes and inspirations for lighting and darkness perception of the space during the daytime.
the proposal is to use available tools in nature, such as natural light and darkness in order to play with them using simple materials, available in nature but also artificial ones according to the laws of physics and the science of perception. Interior and exterior spaces can become a complete white paper wher experiment with all the previous objects in order to change the space by re-designing it.
The sun has the power to enlight, makes the world visible, orients our steps, directs us from est to west, counts the passing hours, changing colours and the general atmosphere
during the day.
The white light of the sun can change the perception of the interior and exteriore spaces passing through special films that colour the space and the general atmosphere.
There are several projects that plays with this kind of magic effect that is colouring areas. On another side, it is possible also to create coloured atmophere also by lighting with the sun, the coloured surface of the walls.
Some particular films (Radiant Mirror Colour Film 3M) can change colours depending on the direction of the rays of the sun. In this way, they colour the space with a sort of metamorphosis during the day. They can change the environment during the day just with solar lighting passign throught the window.
The reflection is a way to redirect, scatter, split, spread light into the spaces. It was used in the past in order to superuse the little light of candles. Several mirror can generate really amazing effects taht can chane the perception of the space.
The same happens by placing surface of scattering, static, multifaceted mirrors can generate a mirroring effects of images and lighting. We can consider the reflection within surfaces, completely covered by mirroring and reflecting films or objects.
Several different little geometries of reflective material can generate, also with the movement, a dinamic effect of lighting. Using, for example, some kind of residual energies of the interiors and some flows of wind the reflection fo light can be trembling and moving around the space.
Or using artificial lighting, some material can enable tothe
Some particular films (Spymirror, as an example) have the power to reflect when the light of the external space is higher. On the other hand, when there is a higher light in their interiors the film become completely transparent, letting to see the internal life of the object.
Moreover, the use of several mirror, geometrically juxtapposed, and some coloured films can generate the greate effect of the Kaleidoscope. Reconnecting our memories with childhood it can be traslated in big spaces and interiors, in order to create different perspectives and perceptions of the space.
Again insisting on
Louis Barragàn is one of the most famous architect that used natural lighting to generate special effects in the interiors and also in outdoor space. In particular, he uses reflective metallic objects such as sphere or planes in order to capture solar light and spread it all arond the buildings. More than this, he is reknowned for the used of particularly brilliant colours in outdoor walls and surfaces that are able to diffused coloured solar lighting, washing of colours all the surrounding spaces.
What about caustics effects?
Caustics are special mathematic curves that are naturally shaped when light interacts on a surface, for example glass and water, and parts of this light is refracted into some special light signs. They are perceived in the normal life and have a particularinteresting effect if they are linked with colours and movement. Famous caustics are the ones of the glasses and the swimming pools.
The presented examples are about a glass and the light passign thorught drawing special caustics on the table.Instead, on the right caustics passign through the window: an advantage to old windows is that they are not flat and create these beautiful rippled caustics when the sun shines or is reflected through them. As inside than outside the house, onto the street.
Some example and experiments of creating caustics with the use of geometry and a particular material (Mylar Dupont) that is flexible and very reflective, the best to generate caustics.
Other examples of lighting relections and caustics, but in a urban scale, is photozoa or light spirites that are the fleeting ephemeral ghosts that appear in our towns and cities when the sun is low in the sky: these were found in Manhattan NYC. These special interacting games remark a link between neighborough and plasy with the idea of trying to break the bounderies and going in the outdoor environment with the project.
Very famous experiment, the one about refraction in a prism that is able to divide the white light in all the components of the spectra, can be used to generate some experiment with the environment and the building, also thinking about the use of crystals of different shapes.
Polarization is another famous interaction between light and materials where it passes. The polarizing filter, used in photography, has the power to cut the light that is annoying the viewer and make visible what was before invisible. It was used in some design object to create the phantom effects.
On the other hand, not only light is interesting and important. Yunikiro Tanizaki speacks about shadows, in his boos “In praise of shadows” trying to evaluate the importance of slow lighting and darkness.
daylight cannot be represented and remake completelly in the night. of course. conversely, many of these presented daylight effects can be translated into the nighttime of the city resembling the dynamic, surprising eye-catching effect of the daylight: simple but effective natural things that change in time of the cityscape can amuse people, enhance the experience of the city, create a more natural and expressive way of experiencing the nocturnal urban environment. all of these aims just without energy, through the use of parasite light and materials, shapes, physical properties? are there ways to glitter, light? are there ways to play with moving shadows such as the ones presented by leaves moved by wind, or the ones formed by rythmic coloumns?